ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

Hiển thị các bài đăng có nhãn dispute lawyers in Vietnam. Hiển thị tất cả bài đăng
Hiển thị các bài đăng có nhãn dispute lawyers in Vietnam. Hiển thị tất cả bài đăng

11.29.2016

Contract Dispute in Vietnam

Disputes in contract performance and solutions

Disputes occur during contract performance are beyond the control of the entity entering contractual relations. In developed countries, lawyers always invited to advise customers to identify potential disputes, and provide solutions, support and provide legal advice and to accompany the enterprises solve disputes in accordance with the provisions of the law, which help businesses to focus on its business activities. Foreign companies when entering Vietnam mostly follow suit to engage dispute or litigation lawyers in Vietnam at early stage of the transactions.

Contract Dispute

Contractual disputes in Vietnam shall be construed as conflicts, disagreements, conflicts between the parties regarding the implementation or non-implementation of rights and obligations in the contract.Disputes could arise in failure to collect the payment from debtor in sales agreement, construction contract disputes between investor and contractor, labour dispute between employer and employee, insurance disputes between ship owner and insurance company.

Contract disputes must satisfy the following factors:
First, there is a contract between the parties. The contract would be in different for ms therefore, there is a need to clearly define if the contractual relationship has been formed or not.
Second, there is a breach of obligations or duties that are in violation of a party in the contractual relationship.
Third, there is disagreement between the parties about the handling of infringement or the consequences of such violations.
It should be noted, the contract disputes arise from the breach. However, not all breaches of contract also lead to disputes.
How to settle the contract disputes in Vietnam
Contractual disputes can be resolved by the following methods:
  • Negotiation is the process or behavior in which the two sides conduct exchanges, agreement on common interests and characteristics of disagreement and come to a unified agreement. The negotiation is without the presence of third parties. However, if the lawyers in Vietnam would be involved during the negotiation process, at the role of representing or advising, counseling, then the negotiations tend to be more effective and parties would reach agreement.
  • Mediation is one of the options for disputing parties to end the conflict. Mediation is different from negotiating with the intervention of a third party. Mediator will help parties to achieve agreement and resolve conflict.
  • Court or arbitration: The settlement of the dispute in court would take time. The court’s ruling can be appealed. It should be noted that, per Vietnam laws, only Vietnam litigation or dispute law firms could represent the client at court. Commercial arbitration is available only in commercial-business sector. The advantage of this method is fast and efficient. However, compare with disputing at court, this method of handling dispute would take higher costs.
Disputes and dispute resolution matters are natural and inevitablein any countries including Vietnam. It is important that parties involved need to identify, anticipate disputes can occur. When there is a dispute, the dispute lawyers will be able to help parties to with advice to reasonable solution to address the disputes effectively.




7.27.2016

FORMS OF DISPUTES AND APPROACHES TO SETTLEMENT

Dispute in Vietnam could be between parties in business transaction, foreign investors and Vietnam government, or between countries in implementing international treaties.
The formation of market economy in Vietnam took place in the context of the development in the width and depth of the economic ties at a significant fast pace that make Vietnam an important part of the world supply chain.  Vietnam suppliers could sell the goods and services to the world and the foreign supplier could also export their goods and services to Vietnam market.  Further, as the Vietnam market opens up, foreign investors could invest through various forms of investments in Vietnam i.e. acquire equities in Vietnam companies, establish business in VietnamDuring this process, disputes are an inevitable result which has been growing in scale and complexity.

Most should agree that disputes shall be construed as the dissent, inconsistencies or conflicts of interests, rights and obligations between the parties in the economic relations at different levels. Accordingly, economic disputes can have the following basic forms:
1. Disputes in business are between the participants in a business transaction including investments, production to consumption of products or performance of services on the market for profit purposes i.e. professional and product liability, debt disputes over a business transaction, franchise disputes,intellectual property disputes, and disputes over contract for supply of goods or services…
2. Disputes between foreign investors with Vietnam government agencies, arising in the implementation of the BTO, BT, BOT, and the implementation of international agreements on promotion and protection bilateral and multilateral investment i.e. government policy and policy measures, concession to water and sewerage, power or energy supply, project or contract payment…
3. Disputes between countries in the implementation of the international bilateral and multilateral agreements.
In Vietnam, as the disputes arise, parties involved could consider resolving the matters through negotiation, mediation, arbitration, or taking court actions after taking consideration of various factors including cost, time, and the complexity of the disputes.  Litigation law firm in Vietnam with skillful dispute lawyers should be consulted to provide the suitable advice for dispute resolution.

6.19.2016

DISPUTE RESOLUTION THROUGH ARBITRATION

Dispute resolution methods are litigation, negotiation, mediation and arbitration. Handing disputes requires litigation law firm with dispute lawyers in Vietnam having experience and knowledge to provide resolutions to complex cross-border issues, commercial and civil disputes.


In the current business environment, most business agreements could contain a clause stipulating that disputes arisen must be resolved in arbitration.  For a dispute to be referred to arbitration, there must be a valid arbitration agreement in writing, either as an arbitration clause within a contract or a separate agreement.  If the agreement is included within the context of a contract, the arbitration clause is considered independent, and any modification, extension, or termination of the contract does not affect the validity of the arbitration clause. Vietnamese law allows for a written arbitration agreement to take the form in any written form, so long as the writing clearly indicates the parties’ intent to resolve any dispute via arbitration. If a dispute falls within the scope of a valid arbitration agreement, but a party attempts to initiate court proceedings, the residing court does not have jurisdiction over the matter, and must drop the case. Moreover, an arbitration agreement does not have to stipulate specific dispute matters and/or the arbitration organization authorized to resolve disputes without supplemental agreement.  Even if there is a valid arbitration agreement, Vietnamese Arbitration Law stipulates that in order for a dispute to go to arbitration, it must also fit into one of three categories: (1) disputes arising from “commercial activities”; (2) disputes where at least one party is engaged in commercial activities; (3) other disputes where the law stipulates that arbitration is a permissible means of resolution.  In category (1), the term “commercial activity” is defined in Commercial Law No. 36-2005-QH11 (31 December 2005) as “activity for profit-making purposes comprising the purchase and sale of goods, provision of services, investment, commercial enhancement, and other activities for profit-making purposes.”  The types of disputes that often fall into the second category are noncommercial disputes, such as civil disputes, where at least one party to the dispute is engaged in commercial activities. However, this category does not apply in disputes between a good/service provider and a consumer. In this case, the law allows the party to choose between litigation and arbitration. Even the agreement includes a standard arbitration clause in the supply of goods or services contract, the dispute may not be arbitrated without the consumer’s consent. The final category of disputes permissible for arbitration gives legislators discretion to expand or maintain the types of disputes resolved through arbitration.  An example of a category (3) dispute is a dispute arising from investment activities governed by the Law on Investment.
Arbitration has become an extremely popular method of dispute resolution, as many businesses prefer it over the high costs of litigation.
ANT Lawyers is a Vietnam law firm with international standards, recognized by IFLR1000 on Financial and Corporate practice.  We are an exclusive Vietnam member of Prae Legal, the global law firm network covering more than 150 jurisdictions.  The firm provides a range of legal services as following to multinational and domestic clients.

5.10.2016

HOW TO PREPARE AND FILE A LAWSUIT IN VIETNAM?

If two parties have a dispute over a commercial matter in Vietnam, they should try to resolve disputes through negotiation, or mediation before considering to file a lawsuit against the other at a court in Vietnam.


To implement their right to sue, the plaintiff must prepare and submit the claim at the competent court in Vietnam.  The dispute lawyers in Vietnam with experience and understanding the litigation process should be invited at the early stage to advise, represent and prepare to defend the client.  The claim filing should include the petition and the supporting documents.  The petition is the most important legal document for the court to review and resolve the claim of the plaintiff, as such it should be carefully prepared to meet the requirements of the form, authority, and further contain information about the plaintiff, defendant, summary of the case and the request of the plaintiff.
The contents of the petition must be presented in full, brief, clear, and in logic.  The plaintiff should provide all documents, and evidence to prove the merit of the claim including contract, purchase order, separate terms and conditions, appendixes (if any), minutes of meetings of negotiations, invoices, delivery proof, legal status of plaintiff and defendant, documents to determine the legal status of the representative of the plaintiff such as appointment decision, power of attorney.  In order for the document issued in foreign country to be valid in Vietnam, the documents presented have to be original or notarized, legalized and authenticated copy and translated into Vietnamese in accordance with Vietnam laws.
When the claim has been filed at the competent court in Vietnam provided all conditions of acceptance are met, the court will notify the plaintiff or its representative know the court fees. When the applicant advance the court fee, the case will be recorded and brought into the process for settlement.
At the trial preparation process, the case will be assigned to a judge whom after studying would request parties to present additional necessary papers and documents relating to the case.  Parties or their representative would then be requested to meet the judge to provide further information or testimony or attend reconciliation.  If the disputing parties resolve disputes with each other, the court will make a record to acknowledge the successful reconciliation and issue the decision to recognize the agreement of the parties. Where reconciliation fails, the court records that and shall issue the decision to bring the case to trial.
Disagreements or disputes arise when parties can not agree on issues related to contract provisions, expected outcome or performance starndards…There are cases when the dispute is over a debt obligations matters which a debt recovery law firm could assist at an early stage to manage the collection process pre litigations including negotitions and managing expectations of both sides.    
ANT Lawyers, a law firm in Vietnam will be available to assist the clients when required to handle dispute matters out of court, at court or through arbitration in Vietnam.