ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

Hiển thị các bài đăng có nhãn setting up business in Vietnam. Hiển thị tất cả bài đăng
Hiển thị các bài đăng có nhãn setting up business in Vietnam. Hiển thị tất cả bài đăng


Japanese firms interested in tourism and IT in Danang

DANANG – A delegation of Japanese businesses has visited the central city of Danang to sound out investment opportunities in the tourism and information technology (IT) sectors.

The delegation of the Japan-Mekong Business Cooperation Committee (JMBCC) comprising businesses active in tourism, aviation, IT and banking held talks with leaders of Danang City on March 14 to promote trade and investment ties.

At the meeting, JBMCC chairman Yoichi Kobayashi said Japanese firms highly valued the potential of tourism and IT cooperation with Danang. But they worry about the shortage of high-skilled workers in the city, especially those who speak Japanese.

Danang chairman Huynh Duc Tho said the city is seeking cooperation with its partners to address the worker shortage.

Tho said the city has achieved growth of about 20% in recent years, putting pressure on tourism infrastructure. He proposed Japanese businesses invest in leisure, exhibition and environmental protection projects.

The Danang leader suggested Japanese firms active in electronics, software, nanotechnology and environmental technology invest in the Danang Hi-Tech Park which offers numerous incentives to investors.

As of late 2017, US$629 million of US$3.04 billion in total foreign direct investment approvals in Danang had come from Japanese firms. The city welcomed 2.3 million foreign tourists last year, with 140,000 visitors from Japan.

Source: The Saigon Times

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04 important things that enterprises must take into consideration in 2018

The policies and guidelines in effect from 2018 which may have significant influence on enterprises, including:

1. Simplification of documentation required for application for enterprise registration:

This is a guideline set out in the Resolution No. 136/NQ-CP dated December 27, 2017 on the plan to simplify administrative procedures and citizen's papers related to management of residents under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Planning and Investment.
Accordingly, documentation requirements and contents of application and declaration forms necessary to apply for registration of establishment of enterprises will be subject to changes in the coming time, specifically including:
- Repealing the documentation requirement such as “Citizen Identification card, ID card, passport or other legally-required documents" for application of registration of enterprises.
- Replacing certain personal identification information by “personal identity numbers" existing in sample forms and declarations required by enterprise registration formalities.
Additionally, the Resolution provides a guideline to cancellation of the requirement for submission of personal identification documents in several formalities for outward and inward investment in Vietnam.

2. Support policies for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

From January 1, 2018 the 2017 Law on Support for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises enters into force and provides a number of support policies for these enterprises, specifically including:
- Credit access support: Establishing the Credit Guarantee Fund to grant guarantee for corporate credit;
- Tax and accounting support: Allowing enterprises to apply the CIT rate in the definite term which is less than the one normally applied to other enterprises.
- Production premise support: Allocating unoccupied land for development and construction of industrial clusters, agricultural, forestry and aquacultural product processing zones; granting subsidies for the price of land lease for industrial parks, hi-tech parks and industrial clusters operating in local jurisdictions.
- Technological support; support for incubation centers, technical centers and shared working places: Supporting technological innovation and development; granting exemption from and reduction in land rental, non-agricultural land use and corporate income tax.
- Market expansion support: Establishing product distribution chains.
- Information, consultancy and legal support: Permitting enterprises to have access to information through the national portal for corporate support; granting exemption from and reduction in consultancy costs charged for use of consultants’ services.
- Personnel development support: Granting relief from costs of participation in business and business management training courses.
Especially, the Law prescribes particular policies intended for enterprises transformed from business households and small or medium-sized startups.

3. Elimination of a great number of business requirements

The Decree No. 08/2018/ND-CP provides for removal and reduction of a lot of business requirements in such sectors as oil and gasoline, cigarettes, electricity, commercial franchising, electronic commerce, chemical, industrial explosive and food. Below are typical examples:
- Elimination of certain requirements concerning oil and gasoline manufacturing and business;
- Elimination of requirements concerning the franchisee party involved in commercial franchising activities;
- Repeal of the requirement saying, "it is mandatory that websites must have legitimate domain names and conform to regulations on management of information available on the Internet”, which is one of the requirements for establishment of e-commerce websites for sale of commodities and provision of services.
The Decree No. 08/2018/ND-CP will enter into force from January 15, 2018.

4. Requirements for granting business licenses to foreign investors

The Decree No. 09/2018/ND-CP entering into force from January 15, 2018 has laid down provisions on innovation of requirements for granting the license to purchase and sell goods to foreign investors, specifically including:
- Covering more persons eligible for being granted the business license, including foreign investors who do not belong to member countries or territories of international treaties of which Vietnam is a member (in contrast to the previous regulation under which only foreign investors belonging to member countries of international treaties of which Vietnam is a member are eligible for such business license).
- Covering more goods and services which are eligible for the business license, including those which are not endorsed in international treaties of which Vietnam is a member (in contrast to the previous regulation under which only goods or services in which Vietnam is committed to open the market are eligible for such business license).
In each of the aforesaid cases, foreign investors are bound to meet certain requirements and criteria.

Source: Thuvienphapluat .vn

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Which Authority Approves Business Setting up in Vietnam?

Investment projects in Vietnam could be evaluated and approved for business setting-up at top level of the government, at ministerial levels or at the provincial levels.
The licensing authorities for business setting up in Vietnam has been divided to distribute workloads at different state agencies with aim to speed up the process and attract more quality investment projects in Vietnam.

In practice, the process for establishing companies or executing investment projects in Vietnam would take from one month for simple project, three to six month for areas categorized under conditional investment areas, requiring sub-licenses, or additional time for more complicated projects.  At the provincial levels, there might be inconsistency between cities and provinces due to different interpretation of laws.  For investment project with difficulty to manage, the provincial levels would need to consult with technical department of central government agencies, as such the time taken to process the investment certificate would be lengthen.
Understanding the mechanism and the work division of Vietnam authorities that evaluate and approve business licensing at different government agencies would help foreign investors to smoothen the process and improve their experience in Vietnam.
It is notable that, the government level will be focusing on significant projects, in special area at large investment capital with impact on social economic situations.  Most of the investment licensing procedures will be carried out at the provincial levels where the investment projects exist.
The following will point out directions for foreigners to approach respective agencies based on the particular area of interests, scale, and nature of the investment.  However, to avoid delay and increase effectiveness, it is advisable that the foreign clients would consult with Vietnam law firms to help advise and represent them in preparing and executing the investment in Vietnam.
I. Projects evaluated and granted investment licensing at government level
Depending on the business nature, industry sector, investment scale, and investment policy, the Vietnam Prime Minister, on behalf of the government will evaluate and approve investment licensing for setting up business.
1. The investment project in Vietnam the government will evaluate and approve regardless of funding, the scale of investment are in the following areas:
a) Development and commercialization of airports and air transport;
b) Development and commercialization of national port;
c) Exploration, mining and processing of oil and gas; exploration and exploitation of minerals;
d) Radio, television;
e) Casino;
f) Production of cigarettes;
g) Establishment of university level educational institute;
h) Establishment of industrial zones, export processing zones, high-tech zones and economic zones.
2. Although investment projects which do not fall under the cases listed above, but the government of Vietnam also evaluates and approves investment project with investment capital of VND 1,500 billion (around USD 75 mil) upwards regardless of funding and in the following areas:
a) Sales of electricity, mineral processing, metallurgical;
b) Construction of railway infrastructure, roads, inland waterways;
c) Production, sales of wine and beer.
3. Further, the government of Vietnam also evaluates and approve investment projects with foreign investment in the following areas:
a) Maritime transport;
b) Establishment of networks and provision of postal services, courier, telecommunication and internet; network setup and signal transmission;
c) Printing and distribution of newspapers; publication;
d) Establishment of independent scientific research.
4. Where the investment projects specified in the above cases are in the plan which the Prime Minister has approved or authorized other agencies to approve, and that the investment projects meet the conditions prescribed by law and treaties to which Vietnam Nam is a member, the agency granted investment certificates perform the procedure for issuance of investment certificates is not required to submit to the Prime Minister to decide on the investment policy.
5. Where the investment projects specified in the above case is not in the plan which has been approved by the Vietnam Prime Minister or authorized other agency to approve, and that the projects do not meet the conditions for market access provisions in international treaties which Vietnam is a member, the agency granted investment certificates shall consult with other of relevant industries and submit to the Prime Minister for investment policy decision.
II. Projects evaluated and granted investment licensing at ministerial level
1. The Vietnam Ministry of Planning and Investment shall evaluate and approve licensing for investment projects in the form of BOT, BTO, BT.
2. Other ministries will be evaluating and granting license for investment in some sectors.
a.Vietnam Ministry of Commerce and Industry shall evaluate and approve licensing for investment project in oil and gas sector;
b. Vietnam State Bank shall grant licensing for financial institutions;
c. Vietnam Ministry of Finance shall be responsible for issuing license for investment project of insurance business.
III. Projects evaluated and granted investment licensing at provincial levels
1. Department of Planning and Investment shall be the single point of contact that receive the application and evaluate the investment plan of the foreign investors wishing to establish business in Vietnam for projects
a. Outside of Industrial Zone, Industrial Processing Zone;
b. Infrastructure development project for Industrial Zone, Industrial Processing Zone which management board of industrial zone and industrial processing zone are not yet established.
2. The management board of Industrial Zone, and Industrial Processing Zone:
a. For investment projects within the Industrial Zone, and Industrial Processing Zone which are not under the authority of the Prime Minister;

b. Infrastructure development project to for industrial zone and industrial processing zone.



Foreigners are encouraged to make investment in Vietnam through direct investment by setting up company in Vietnam.

However there are restrictions in some cases in regard to investment capital, investment area, special licenses required. The investor is suggested to consult with a law firm in Vietnam for advice and service offering.
Before setting up business in Vietnam, ask yourself the following questions:
1. Which business should I invest in Vietnam?
There are non-conditional investment areas and conditional investment areas.  Establishing company in the non-conditional investement areas are more simple than in conditional investment areas.  Investment in IT services, manufacturing, management consulting, business promotion are a few samples of non-conditional investment areas.  Example of conditional investment areas are real estate, tradingtravel agencies, freight forwarding…which are more complicated with investment conditions.  Investment conditions might also be changed over the time depending on the WTO commitments which Vietnam enters.
The company in Vietnam has to have Vietnamese name, and English name. The company could also have abbreviated name.  The name of the company in Vietnam indicates the structure of the company, the business lines, and the name that differentiate against other businesses.  For instance, the company could be named Alpha consulting limited liability company.
Not every address could be used to register a company.  The address has to be an address of a house with leasing agreement or office building which owner has license to operate as office building.
Depending on the number of investor contributing capital, company could be set-up as one member limited liability company or two ore more member limited liability company or joint stocks company.
Read More
Forms of Investment in Vietnam
The investment amount depends on the business plan and is subject to the approval of the provincial Department of Planning and Investment evaluating application dossier. In some business areas like real estate, banking and finance, minimum capital is required. In general for non-conditional investment area, the law does not specify the minimum capital to establish a company in Vietnam however the State agencies that evaluate investment plan could reject the investment project which are not feasible. Bank statement in foreign banks could be used to prove sufficient fund of investment capital.
The investor will need to appoint the legal representative in Vietnam to oversee the business performance and take legal responsibility in Vietnam. If the legal representative is an expatriate, whom is a capital contributing member or owner of a limited liability company or a member of the Board of Management of a shareholding company which is registered to operate in Vietnam, he or she will be exempted from work permit in Vietnam. Otherwise, he or she will need to have a work permit to work in Vietnam legally.  The work permit holder would then apply for temporary residence card to live in Vietnam as long as the work permit allows.
It depends on what type, scale, and whether or not conditions are required. For a simple minimum capital without conditions to set-up, it would take 30 working days. For setting up company in conditional investment areas i.e.  trading company in Vietnam, time would be lengthen due to the involvement of a number of State agencies approving the investment project and it would take 60 working days. For setting up company in other investments in areas requiring conditions to meet, time might be taken depending on the type of conditions and the government agencies evaluating the conditions of investment.
For most of the investment projects, the provincial state agencies with the approval of the Department of Planning and Investment (DPI) will be granting the Investment Certificate in Vietnam. However, depending on the type, scale, and whether or not conditions are required, other Vietnam State agencies might be involved. For the case of trading company, ministry of trade and commerce, ministry of finance, provincial people’s committee will be reviewing the investment application dossier as well.
Major taxes in Vietnam are corporate income tax, import and export tax, value added tax, and personal income tax in Vietnam. In some special areas, there are other taxes. The corporate income tax is currently at 22% and will reduce to 20% beginning 2016. Export is mostly encouraged as such the export tax is 0 however there are special cases when export tax is larger than 0. Import tax varies according to tariff. Value added tax is mostly at 10% however in some cases, VAT could be 5% or 0%. Personal Income tax varies according to income level and is applicable from VND 9,000,000 above.
Read More
Major Taxes in Vietnam
Companies are required to keep accounting books, prepare and submit tax reports on monthly, quarterly and annually. Foreign companies are also required to have financial audit taken before the financial year end. The financial year in Vietnam is from January to December and the deadline to submit financial report is March 30th for the previous year. Other reports are required to be submitted at other State agencies.

2. What should I name the business in Vietnam?
3. Where should I register the address of the business in Vietnam?
4. What is the legal structure of the company?
5. How much capital is required to set-up a company in Vietnam?
6. Whom will be legal representative and work permit in Vietnam?
7. How long does it take to set-up a company in Vietnam?
8. Whom will be granting the investment license in Vietnam?
9. What are the tax liability in Vietnam?
10. What are mandatory reports submissions requirement in Vietnam?
At ANT Lawyers, a law firm in Vietnam with offices in Hanoi, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City, we are always capable to assist clients in licensing and post-licensing matters to help clients with all questions and services in setting up and maintaining the company in Vietnam. We could be reached at email: or office tel: +848 35202779.


Japan Increases Investment in Vietnam in Finance and Services

Japanese investors have switched from setting up business in Vietnam in manufacturing into financial investment, retail.
Japan Increases Investment in Vietnam in Finance and Services
Japan Increases Investment in Vietnam in Finance and Services
Til end of Jan 2015, Japan is the second largest foreign investors in Vietnam in direct investment form with 2,494 projects, and total registered capital of nearly 36.9 billion USD however there have been changes in the structure of the investment capital in Vietnam.  In particular, the manufacturing sector once accounted for the largest proportion of investment in Vietnam drops 30% from nearly $ 1.2 billion in 2013 to nearly 830 million 2014.  In fact, the projects in the manufacturing sector often require huge capital during a long-term investment.  In the context that Japan's economy faces difficulties as well as the global economy is not bright, the reduction of investment in the manufacturing sector is also understandable.
In indirect foreign investment in Vietnam, Japan ranks sixth in the list of countries conducting M&A in Vietnam with more focus on small or medium but long-term and potential large area.  The field of production only accounts for 10% of the total value.
However, the recent survey has shown there is a new wave of Japanese investment in other sectors such as construction, real estate, transportation or financial investment.  The report of The Japan External Trade Organization, or JETRO, a Japanese government-related organization that promotes trade and investment reflects the proportion of new investment projects in the construction, real estate increased from 3% in 2013 to 6% in 2014, while the capital had risen to 13%, compared with 2 % of a year ago.
In real estate sector, Tokyu Corporation has joined invested with Becamex IDC to develop Tokyu Binh Duong Garden City in an area of ​​over 110 hectares with a total investment of about USD 1.2 billion. Daibiru Corporation also acquired the office building Corner Stone in Hanoi with value of the deal at USD 60.1 mil.  These are example that Japanese investors recognizing the potential development of Vietnam’s changes in real estate market as the land ownership have been approved and effective from Jul 2015. As reported, M&A deals in real estate in 2014 accounted for 61% of M&A deals.
In financial investment, in 2014, Daiwa PI Partners and Vietnam Opportunity Fund of Vina Capital invested USD 45 million in the International Dairy Joint Stock Company, making foreign ownership increase to 70%.
In retail sector, Vietnam is also considered as an attractive market with growing mid-income consumer group. The largest retailer Aeon Japan after years of market research has poured more than USD 500 million for two commercial centers were opened in Ho Chi Minh City, Binh Duong and a new center in Long Bien (Hanoi).  The group also plans to expand through acquiring shares of two local supermarket being Fivimart and Citimart.
It appears that Japan is holding strong among the leading investors in Vietnam, together with Korea and Singapore.
ANT Consulting is here to assist you from the outset; providing intelligence, information, management or support and administrative services that assist market entrance, and ensure efficient business start-up operation.  Our services are as following:
We strive to save your cost by guiding you towards economical solutions that comply with local legislation and procedures. We support you through early logistic solutions and carry you through as your business grows.  We aim to bridge the gap between international best practices and local cultures and assist foreign companies and organizations entering Vietnam market to overcome commercial and regulatory issues.
We could be reached at email: or tel: +848 3520 2779.  To learn more about us, please visit